Bhagavad Gita ( Janan Yoga , Adhaya 4)

Jnana Yoga

sri-bhagavan uvaca
imam vivasvate yogam
proktavan aham avyayam
vivasvan manave praha
manur iksvakave ’bravit

"The Personality of Godhead, Lord Sri Krishna, said: I instructed this imperishable science of yoga to the sun-god, Vivasvan, and Vivasvan instructed it to Manu, the father of mankind, and Manu in turn instructed it to Ikshavaku."

evam parampara-praptam
imam rajarsayo viduh
sa kaleneha mahata
yogo nastah parantapa

    "This supreme science was thus received through the chain of disciplic succession, and the saintly kings understood it in that way. But in course of time the succession was broken, and therefore the science as it is appears to be lost."

    sa evayam maya te ’dya
    yogah proktah puratanah
    bhakto ’si me sakha ceti
    rahasyam hy etad uttamam

"That very ancient science of the relationship with the Supreme is today told by Me to you because you are My devotee as well as My friend and can therefore understand the transcendental mystery of this science."

    arjuna uvaca
    aparam bhavato janma
    param janma vivasvatah
    katham etad vijaniyam
    tvam adau proktavan iti

    "Arjuna said: The sun-god Vivasvan is senior by birth to You. How am I to understand that in the beginning You instructed this science to him?"

    sri-bhagavan uvaca
    bahuni me vyatitani
    janmani tava carjuna
    tany aham veda sarvani
    na tvam vettha parantapa

    "The Personality of Godhead said: Many, many births both you and I have passed. I can remember all of them, but you cannot, O subduer of the enemy!"

    ajo ’pi sann avyayatma
    bhutanam isvaro ’pi san
    prakritim svam adhisthaya
    sambhavamy atma-mayaya

    "Although I am unborn and My transcendental body never deteriorates, and although I am the Lord of all living entities, I still appear in every millennium in My original transcendental form."

    yada yada hi dharmasya
    glanir bhavati bharata
    abhyutthanam adharmasya
    tadatmanam srjamy aham

    "Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practice, O descendant of Bharata, and a predominant rise of irreligion—at that time I descend Myself."

    paritranaya sadhunam
    vinasaya ca duskritam
    dharma-samsthapanarthaya
    sambhavami yuge yuge

    "To deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to reestablish the principles of religion, I Myself appear, millennium after millennium."

    janma karma ca me divyam
    evam yo vetti tattvatah
    tyaktva deham punar janma
    naiti mam eti so ’rjuna

    "One who knows the transcendental nature of My appearance and activities does not, upon leaving the body, take his birth again in this material world, but attains My eternal abode, O Arjuna."

    vita-raga-bhaya-krodha
    man-maya mam upasritah
    bahavo jnana-tapasa
    puta mad-bhavam agatah

    "Being freed from attachment, fear and anger, being fully absorbed in Me and taking refuge in Me, many, many persons in the past became purified by knowledge of Me—and thus they all attained transcendental love for Me."

    ye yatha mam prapadyante
    tams tathaiva bhajamy aham
    mama vartmanuvartante
    manushyah partha sarvasah

    "As all surrender unto Me, I reward them accordingly. Everyone follows My path in all respects, O son of Pritha."

    kanksantah karmanam siddhim
    yajanta iha devatah
    ksipram hi manuse loke
    siddhir bhavati karma-ja

    "Men in this world desire success in fruitive activities, and therefore they worship the demigods. Quickly, of course, men get results from fruitive work in this world."

    catur-varnyam maya srstam
    guna-karma-vibhagasah
    tasya kartaram api mam
    viddhy akartaram avyayam   

    "According to the three modes of material nature and the work associated with them, the four divisions of human society are created by Me. And although I am the creator of this system, you should know that I am yet the nondoer, being unchangeable."

    na mam karmani limpanti
    na me karma-phale sprha
    iti mam yo ’bhijanati
    karmabhir na sa badhyate

    "There is no work that affects Me; nor do I aspire for the fruits of action. One who understands this truth about Me also does not become entangled in the fruitive reactions of work."

    evam jnatva kritam karma
    purvair api mumuksubhih
    kuru karmaiva tasmat tvam
    purvaih purvataram kritam

    "All the liberated souls in ancient times acted with this understanding of My transcendental nature. Therefore you should perform your duty, following in their footsteps."

    kim karma kim akarmeti
    kavayo ’py atra mohitah
    tat te karma pravaksyami
    yaj jnatva moksyase ’subhat   

    "Even the intelligent are bewildered in determining what is action and what is inaction. Now I shall explain to you what action is, knowing which you shall be liberated from all misfortune."

    karmano hy api boddhavyam
    boddhavyam ca vikarmanah
    akarmanas ca boddhavyam
    gahana karmano gatih

    "The intricacies of action are very hard to understand. Therefore one should know properly what action is, what forbidden action is, and what inaction is."

    karmany akarma yah pasyed
    akarmani ca karma yah
    sa buddhiman manusyesu
    sa yuktah krtsna-karma-krt

    "One who sees inaction in action, and action in inaction, is intelligent among men, and he is in the transcendental position, although engaged in all sorts of activities."

    yasya sarve samarambhah
    kama-sankalpa-varjitah
    jnanagni-dagdha-karmanam
    tam ahuh panditam budhah

    "One is understood to be in full knowledge whose every endeavor is devoid of desire for sense gratification. He is said by sages to be a worker for whom the reactions of work have been burned up by the fire of perfect knowledge."

    tyaktva karma-phalasangam
    nitya-trpto nirasrayah
    karmany abhipravrtto ’pi
    naiva kincit karoti sah

    "Abandoning all attachment to the results of his activities, ever satisfied and independent, he performs no fruitive action, although engaged in all kinds of undertakings."

    nirasir yata-cittatma
    tyakta-sarva-parigrahah
    sariram kevalam karma
    kurvan napnoti kilbisam

    "Such a man of understanding acts with mind and intelligence perfectly controlled, gives up all sense of proprietorship over his possessions, and acts only for the bare necessities of life. Thus working, he is not affected by sinful reactions."

    yadrccha-labha-santusto
    dvandvatito vimatsarah
    samah siddhav asiddhau ca
    kritvapi na nibadhyate

    "He who is satisfied with gain which comes of its own accord, who is free from duality and does not envy, who is steady in both success and failure, is never entangled, although performing actions."

    gata-sangasya muktasya
    jnanavasthita-cetasah
    yajnayacaratah karma
    samagram praviliyate   

    "The work of a man who is unattached to the modes of material nature and who is fully situated in transcendental knowledge merges entirely into transcendence."

    brahmarpanam brahma havir
    brahmagnau brahmana hutam
    brahmaiva tena gantavyam
    brahma-karma-samadhina  

    "A person who is fully absorbed in Krishna consciousness is sure to attain the spiritual kingdom because of his full contribution to spiritual activities, in which the consummation is absolute and that which is offered is of the same spiritual nature."

    daivam evapare yajnam
    yoginah paryupasate
    brahmagnav apare yajnam
    yajnenaivopajuhvati

    "Some yogis perfectly worship the demigods by offering different sacrifices to them, and some of them offer sacrifices in the fire of the Supreme Brahman."

    srotradinindriyany anye
    samyamagnisu juhvati
    shabdadin visayan anya
    indriyagnisu juhvati  

    "Some [the unadulterated brahmacaris] sacrifice the hearing process and the senses in the fire of mental control, and others [the regulated householders] sacrifice the objects of the senses in the fire of the senses."

    sarvanindriya-karmani
    prana-karmani capare
    atma-samyama-yogagnau
    juhvati jnana-dipite

    "Others, who are interested in achieving self-realization through control of the mind and senses, offer the functions of all the senses, and of the life breath, as oblations into the fire of the controlled mind."

    dravya-yajnas tapo-yajna
    yoga-yajnas tathapare
    svadhyaya-jnana-yajnas ca
    yatayah samsita-vratah

    "Having accepted strict vows, some become enlightened by sacrificing their possessions, and others by performing severe austerities, by practicing the yoga of eightfold mysticism, or by studying the Vedas to advance in transcendental knowledge."

    apane juhvati pranam
    prane ’panam tathapare
    pranapana-gati ruddhva
    pranayama-parayanah
    apare niyataharah
    pranan pranesu juhvati

    "Still others, who are inclined to the process of breath restraint to remain in trance, practice by offering the movement of the outgoing breath into the incoming, and the incoming breath into the outgoing, and thus at last remain in trance, stopping all breathing. Others, curtailing the eating process, offer the outgoing breath into itself as a sacrifice."

    sarve ’py ete yajna-vido
    yajna-ksapita-kalmasah
    yajna-sistamrita-bhujo
    yanti brahma sanatanam

    "All these performers who know the meaning of sacrifice become cleansed of sinful reactions, and, having tasted the nectar of the results of sacrifices, they advance toward the supreme eternal atmosphere."

    nayam loko ’sty ayajnasya
    kuto ’nyah kuru-sattama

    "O best of the Kuru dynasty, without sacrifice one can never live happily on this planet or in this life: what then of the next?"

    evam bahu-vidha yajna
    vitata brahmano mukhe
    karma-jan viddhi tan sarvan
    evam jnatva vimoksyase

    "All these different types of sacrifice are approved by the Vedas, and all of them are born of different types of work. Knowing them as such, you will become liberated."

    sreyan dravya-mayad yajnaj
    jnana-yajnah parantapa
    sarvam karmakhilam partha
    jnane parisamapyate

    "O chastiser of the enemy, the sacrifice performed in knowledge is better than the mere sacrifice of material possessions. After all, O son of Pritha, all sacrifices of work culminate in transcendental knowledge."

    tad viddhi pranipatena
    pariprasnena sevaya
    upadeksyanti te jnanam
    jnaninas tattva-darshinah

    "Just try to learn the truth by approaching a spiritual master. Inquire from him submissively and render service unto him. The self-realized souls can impart knowledge unto you because they have seen the truth."

    yaj jnatva na punar moham
    evam yasyasi pandava
    yena bhutany asesani
    draksyasy atmany atho mayi  

    "Having obtained real knowledge from a self-realized soul, you will never fall again into such illusion, for by this knowledge you will see that all living beings are but part of the Supreme, or, in other words, that they are Mine."

    api ced asi papebhyah
    sarvebhyah papa-krt-tamah
    sarvam jnana-plavenaiva
    vrjinam santarisyasi

    "Even if you are considered to be the most sinful of all sinners, when you are situated in the boat of transcendental knowledge you will be able to cross over the ocean of miseries."

    yathaidhamsi samiddho ’gnir
    bhasma-sat kurute ’rjuna
    jnanagnih sarva-karmani
    bhasma-sat kurute tatha

    "As a blazing fire turns firewood to ashes, O Arjuna, so does the fire of knowledge burn to ashes all reactions to material activities."

    na hi jnanena sadrsam
    pavitram iha vidyate
    tat svayam yoga-samsiddhah
    kalenatmani vindati

    "In this world, there is nothing so sublime and pure as transcendental knowledge. Such knowledge is the mature fruit of all mysticism. And one who has become accomplished in the practice of devotional service enjoys this knowledge within himself in due course of time."

    shraddhaval labhate jnanam
    tat-parah samyatendriyah
    jnanam labdhva param shantim
    acirenadhigacchati

    "A faithful man who is dedicated to transcendental knowledge and who subdues his senses is eligible to achieve such knowledge, and having achieved it he quickly attains the supreme spiritual peace."

    ajnas casraddadhanas ca
    samsayatma vinasyati
    nayam loko ’sti na paro
    na sukham samsayatmanah

    "But ignorant and faithless persons who doubt the revealed scriptures do not attain God consciousness; they fall down. For the doubting soul there is happiness neither in this world nor in the next."

    yoga-sannyasta-karmanam
    jnana-sanchinna-samsayam
    atmavantam na karmani
    nibadhnanti dhananjaya

    "One who acts in devotional service, renouncing the fruits of his actions, and whose doubts have been destroyed by transcendental knowledge, is situated factually in the self. Thus he is not bound by the reactions of work, O conqueror of riches."

    tasmad ajnana-sambhutam
    hrt-stham jnanasinatmanah
    chittvainam samsayam yogam
    atisthottistha bharata

    "Therefore the doubts which have arisen in your heart out of ignorance should be slashed by the weapon of knowledge. Armed with yoga, O Bharata, stand and fight."
 

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